Exotic Pet Teeth Masterclass

Dental hygiene for exotic pets

Top tips on looking after exotic pets’ teeth including snakes, lizards, tortoises, bearded dragons, ferrets, rabbits and rodents.

Dental hygiene for exotic pets

Dental hygiene is just as important for snakes, lizards, tortoises & exotic mammals as it is for cats and dogs. This is why our team here at Clent Hills Vets have put together some important facts about dental care for some of the most common exotic pets.

Exotic pets should have their mouths examined as part of an annual health check-up – this is just a precaution to make sure everything is ok. However, some species including; ferrets, hedgehogs and bearded dragons may require dental cleaning just as a dog or cat would. If you can’t remember when your pet’s last dental check was, or think it’s time for a new one…

If you’ve got an exotic and have any concerns please do not hesitate to contact us for advice.

When was your pet’s last dental check?

If you’re not sure, book an appointment today and check your pet’s dental hygiene.


Book an appointment

Species-specific dental concerns

  • Rabbits & Rodents
  • Ferrets
  • Bearded Dragons
  • Snakes, lizards and tortoises

Rabbits & Rodents

The teeth of these species grow continuously throughout their lives. If incorrectly cared for, this growth can cause the development of sharp spurs which can cut into their gums and tongue. This growth is naturally managed and prevented by providing a natural high fibre diet with unlimited grass, good quality hay and chew toys to gnaw on as these promote natural tooth wear, keeping teeth at the right length.


Ferrets are prone to breaking canine teeth, this is usually caused by chewing on cages. This damage can expose sensitive pulp cavities and can cause infection. If this occurs, it is vital to seek veterinary help as soon as possible.

Bearded Dragons

Bearded dragons’ teeth are rooted directly into the bone, which (if not properly cared for) can cause inflammation and infection of the bone. Regular cleaning is recommended to prevent these problems from developing.

Snakes, lizards and tortoises

These pets are particularly vulnerable to mouth rot. This is caused by bacteria entering the mouth through abrasions but is also influenced by housing conditions, which are not ideal for the specific species.

Symptoms include thickened saliva, yellow plaque and swelling of the mouth or face. This is a serious condition, which requires urgent veterinary attention.

Examining your pet’s mouth

It’s great to get to know what’s normal for your pet and the best way to do this is to get used to examining your pet’s mouth, however, the mouth of any exotic pet is delicate so it’s important that you go through this with your vet first. If you would like us to go through this with you please, contact our team and they will happily go teach you the best ways to examine your pet without causing damage.

Get in touch for more advice

If you have any concerns your pet may be at risk of dental infections, or the species of your pet was not mentioned, please contact us.

Contact Us
Return to Reptiles & Exotics Advice
Send us a message